A CHAPTER VIII(8th) OF FOCUS ON OPEN SCIENCE addressing:
Open Science and the Management of A Cultural Change
The drivers of change: FAIR Data and Open Access.
An event organised by: Scientific Knowledge Services and University of Belgrade in collaboration with UCL Press, LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries).
The Challenge of Open Science
Science describes the current transition in how research is undertaken, how the outputs are stored and disseminated, how researchers collaborate, how success is measured and how researchers are rewarded for Open approaches. Open Science has the potential to transform the research landscape. What is the role of academic libraries in supporting this transition? Is there indeed a role for libraries at all? What are the current views and agendas in various European countries? How do we differentiate regionally and nationally?
The Aim of the Focus on Open Science Workshops
Started in 2015, we aim through these workshops to address the challenges posed by Open Science, using the 8 pillars of Open Science identified by the European Commission in its Open Science Policy Platform.
The mission statement for the workshops is: “Promote the concept of, values and best practices in the Open Science to European communities, with particular reference to libraries.”
Why are These Workshops Important?
We believe that such Workshops offer a practitioner experience, grounded in the principles of Open Science, and opportunities for networking at the local level. The Workshop format offers both on-the-spot interactions and follow-up opportunities.
Our team is happy to announce a Steering Committee that will help us select the annual topics, the invited speakers and advise on best practices for delivering successful events.
Steering Committee are:
- Dr. Paul Ayris, Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services), Chief Executive, UCL Press, co-Chair of the LERU INFO Community (League of European Research Universities)
- Frank Manista, European Open Science Manager, Jisc, UK
- Jeannette Frey, Director of BCU Lausanne and President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries)
- Colleen Campbell, Open Access 2020 Initiative, Max Planck Digital Library
- Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Head of the Research and Innovation Unit of the CRAI at the University of Barcelona
- Dr. Tiberius Ignat, Director of Scientific Knowledge Services
The language of the workshop will be English.
We look forward to seeing you in November, in what promise to be a stimulating event!
* The times are shown in CET.
Registration and Networking
‘Be the change that you wish to see in the world (Mahatma Ghandi)’: Universities and Cultural Change to deliver Open Science
This presentation will be built on the LERU (League of European Research Universities) Advice Paper on Open Science, which was presented to the Competitiveness Council of the European Union in May 2018. The Council works in four major policy areas, including research and innovation, to enhance competitiveness and increase growth. The paper begins by identifying cultural change as the key element in delivering substantial and sustainable change in universities. Looking at the challenges and benefits of Open Science, the paper then describes a path for how to embed cultural change in academic institutions. The second part of the paper then looks at the eight pillars of Open Science as defined by the Commission and gives examples both of how substantial change has been achieved at the university level, and what the impact of those changes has been. The paper concludes by suggesting a model for how universities can assess whether a cultural change has taken hold to deliver substantial change.
It’s high time to rethink how we pay for Open infrastructure; it’s high time to act
Changes in the current scholarly communications policy, service and infrastructure ecosystem require us to rethink how we will sustain our open efforts in the future. Seed funding will help us innovate; however, are we as libraries ready to invest in maintaining and further developing good practices for years to come such as services we have come to depend upon to implement our policies such as DOAJ or SHERPA/RoMEO? Many of us in Europe are reliant on our ministries or on generous institutions for funding, but when governments or priorities change, how sure are we that this funding can or will continue? Furthermore, funders are increasingly introducing Open policies; what is their contribution to sustaining Open services/infrastructure? Or are we going to leave it to large publishers to purchase services and infrastructure to add it to their increasingly diversified portfolio, increasing our dependency on them? A range of Open Research initiatives is experimenting with new business models to help combat these challenges. Furthermore, a new collective partnership model such as SCOSS is stimulating change in this area. Such developments are changing mindsets as regards the way we finance Open Research. It is time to rethink how we fund the Open services and infrastructure that support Open policy and practice. Merely continuing to talk of the need to sustain service and infrastructure or taking a piecemeal approach will not cut it, we need to see a strategic vision and approach to help ensure the scholarly communications services and infrastructure are here for years to come.
Facing the Open Science challenges from a university perspective
When we talk about Open Science we talk about new ways of performing research and disseminating results. Many researchers are embracing this new way of doing research, sometimes fostered by funders, and universities must act. Open Science brings challenges and opportunities that must be evaluated from a university perspective in order to make changes on the way they provide services and infrastructures for researches. And, moreover, Open Science implies new ways of evaluating research, internally and externally. Universities must develop their own strategy for Open Science and an action plan to implement it. In this talk, I will introduce some ideas on how to develop it.
Open Science as a discourse topic between libraries, researchers and societies
Open Science is high on the European Union agenda as one of the prime instruments for a more transparent, effective and competitive research environment. Recently, key organizations, such as libraries and Universities associations, as well as Ministries of European countries have joined the stream of calls for a transition to a new scientific paradigm. LIBER, the leading network of European Research Libraries, is running its new strategy for the period 2018-2022 “Research Libraries Powering Sustainable Knowledge in the Digital Age”. The strategy has a strong interest in Open Science that was recently expressed through publishing the Open Science Roadmap. The Roadmap describes the context that has been shaped, the challenges that research libraries face and the pillars of Open Science activities. Together with other documents and activities, it aims to enable libraries to familiarize, embrace and facilitate Open Science. It also becomes clear that Open Science will be a key discourse topic between libraries, researchers and societies, and at the end of the dialogue, all should be persuaded about a cultural change that will help the European research landscape to progress.
Encouraging Open Science »literacy«: Four years of Focus on Open Science workshops
Open Science is designed to make scientific processes more transparent and results more accessible. Overall, open science represents slow, but long-term changes to fundamental concepts of scholarly communication. Nowadays, many funders encourage, require, or reward some of open science practices. At the same time, in many cases funders do not provide comprehensive information or infrastructure support in this field. Consequently, researchers are faced with lack of skills in this field, which could result in frustrations and distrust in new practices in this field. Academic libraries are strongly involved in the transition processes of changing concepts of scientific communication. However, even librarians often do not have sufficient skills and expertise to address complex problems in this field. Therefore, in the CTK, we decided to provide a range of educational events for librarians and other stakeholders in the development of scientific communication to inspire the best possible practices in this field. In cooperation with Scientific Knowledge Services, we have attracted numerous international speakers in Ljubljana, who presented various thematic aspects and solutions in the field of open science in developed research and educational environments. The importance of these meetings is substantial. After four years, we can observe the results of these meetings also in the applicative forms of various open science activities.
Open Science: The Remedy for a Post-truth World
Open Science is not just another meme among researchers, librarians and others leaning towards social justice and a better world for all. Make no mistake about it, the meme it is, but the rare one, the one that holds a promise and grounds basis for a true change. A post-truth world that is rising is a world without institutions, or at least without institutions that make sense for most of us, or all of us. People stopped believing in truth because they lost trust in institutions that were guardians of truth. The field of science is mother to many institutions that used to be in business with truth and nowadays seem to just be in business. Universities, research centres, think tanks, ministries, consulting agencies, data centres, libraries, all claim to have access to knowledge that is almost immeasurable and correspond to truth in almost every aspect of human life and nature. People seemingly don’t believe a word of this and started producing truth on their own, usually herded by truth-tellers from other, non-scientific fields, politics or what have you. The loss of trust in institutions is in great part due to their non-transparent workings, or an image of their workings that is easily made so they look like non or even un-transparent. The enormous scale of operations related to contemporary science, publishing plethora being just one facet of this phenomenon is not helping and creates heaps of trouble, independently eroding even further what little trust in institutions has left. Sweeping culture change proposed in the framework of Open Science grounds basis for a truly transparent working in science-related fields, and give hope that trust in institutions, primarily scientifically oriented, but in connection to the political and every other as well, can be rebuilt. If one, off the street, can effectively check the validity of the process leading to, let’s say, a defence of a PhD thesis, and comprehend the usefulness of this process for wider society, or its uselessness and related consequences for everyone involved, it may be a ground for the first step in making institutions involved with this process trustworthy again, and truth, that is scientifically established, singular again.