A CHAPTER X(10th) OF FOCUS ON OPEN SCIENCE addressing:
The drivers of change: FAIR Data and Open Access
Open Science and the management of a cultural change.
An event organised by: Scientific Knowledge Services, TU Wien (Vienna University of Technology), and in collaboration with UCL Press, LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries).
The Challenge of Open Science
Science describes the current transition in how research is undertaken, how the outputs are stored and disseminated, how researchers collaborate, how success is measured and how researchers are rewarded for Open approaches. Open Science has the potential to transform the research landscape. What is the role of academic libraries in supporting this transition? Is there indeed a role for libraries at all? What are the current views and agendas in various European countries? How do we differentiate regionally and nationally?
The Aim of the Focus on Open Science Workshops
Started in 2015, we aim through these workshops to address the challenges posed by Open Science, using the 8 pillars of Open Science identified by the European Commission in its Open Science Policy Platform.
The mission statement for the workshops is: “Promote the concept of, values and best practices in the Open Science to European communities, with particular reference to libraries.”
Why are These Workshops Important?
We believe that such Workshops offer a practitioner experience, grounded in the principles of Open Science, and opportunities for networking at the local level. The Workshop format offers both on-the-spot interactions and follow-up opportunities.
Our team is happy to announce a Steering Committee that will help us select the annual topics, the invited speakers and advise on best practices for delivering successful events.
Steering Committee are:
- Dr. Paul Ayris, Pro-Vice- Provost (UCL Library Services), Chief Executive, UCL Press, co-Chair of the LERU INFO Community (League of European Research Universities)
- Frank Manista, European Open Science Manager, Jisc, UK
- Jeannette Frey, Director of BCU Lausanne and President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries)
- Colleen Campbell, Open Access 2020 Initiative, Max Planck Digital Library
- Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Head of the Research and Innovation Unit of the CRAI at the University of Barcelona
- Dr. Tiberius Ignat, Director of Scientific Knowledge Services
- Dr. Diana Wernisch, Head of Division Networking and Innovation, TU Wien Library
Poster exhibition and networking: The open science transition – implementation, cultural changes, FAIR data and research data management
You are kindly invited to submit a poster where you can present how your institution or research team is doing to progress in Open Science. Please feel invited to use this wonderful opportunity to make contacts, share your ideas, inspire your colleagues and get inspired by others!
We will organize a space for posters within the Breaks Area (where drinks & snacks will be served during coffee breaks, lunch and at the networking reception).
The language of the workshop will be English.
We look forward to seeing you in November, in what promise to be a stimulating event!
* The times are shown in CET.
Registration and Networking
by Prof. Dr. Johannes Fröhlich, TU Wien, Vice Rector for Research and Innovation and Beate Guba, TU Wien, Director of TU Wien Bibliothek
Be the change that you wish to see in the world (Mahatma Ghandi)’: Universities and Cultural Change to deliver Open Science
This paper will be built on the LERU (League of European Research Universities) Advice Paper on Open Science, which was presented to the Competitiveness Council of the European Union in May 2018. The Council works in four major policy areas, including research and innovation, to enhance competitiveness and increase growth. The paper begins by identifying cultural change as the key element in delivering substantial and sustainable change in universities. Looking at the challenges and benefits of Open Science, the paper then describes a path for how to embed cultural change in academic institutions. The second part of the paper then looks at the eight pillars of Open Science as defined by the Commission and gives examples both of how substantial change has been achieved at the university level, and what the impact of those changes has been. The paper concludes by suggesting a model for how universities can assess whether a cultural change has taken hold to deliver substantial change.
Sponsor Talk: The relevance of FAIR principles and digital preservation by implementing a data repository at a research institution
Nowadays storing multimedia field research data in their personal closed archive is still a widely spread practise among researchers. Thus this data is neither findable nor accessible and reusable for other members of the scientific community. A provisional solution to this problem is a publication of multimedia research data on global web platforms such as Youtube, Dropbox or Google Drive. This data is also not suitable for scientific purposes, because it’s neither persistently referenced nor scientifically documented according to any relevant standards. The main objective of the project „LaZAR“ is the conception and implementation of a web platform for field research data from the regional science according to FAIR principles including a repository, web laboratory for multimedia research data and digital preservation of the data. This makes the field research data as easily accessible and citable to a wide range of researchers as conventional data. The LAZAR-repository is set up by the Head Office of the GBV common library network and the institute for Caucasus Studies of Friedrich-Schiller University Jena using the Media-Asset-Management-system easydb. Digital preservation providing is managed by the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) using the digital preservation system Rosetta by Ex Libris. TIB has configured Rosetta to harvest the objects and their metadata via OAI-PMH from easydb and ensures the access to, readability and usability of the data and metadata in the long term according to OAIS reference model in a trustworthy digital archive. The lecture covers how the LaZAR-repository and Rosetta match the FAIR principles and describes the data transfer from the repository into TIB’s digital archive.
It’s high time to rethink how we pay for Open infrastructure; it’s high time to act
Changes in the current scholarly communications policy, service and infrastructure ecosystem require us to rethink how we will sustain our open efforts in the future. Seed funding will help us innovate; however, are we as libraries ready to invest in maintaining and further developing good practices for years to come such as services we have come to depend upon to implement our policies such as DOAJ or SHERPA/RoMEO? Many of us in Europe are reliant on our ministries or on generous institutions for funding, but when governments or priorities change, how sure are we that this funding can or will continue? Furthermore, funders are increasingly introducing Open policies; what is their contribution to sustaining Open services/infrastructure? Or are we going to leave it to large publishers to purchase services and infrastructure to add it to their increasingly diversified portfolio, increasing our dependency on them? A range of Open Research initiatives is experimenting with new business models to help combat these challenges. Furthermore, a new collective partnership model such as SCOSS is stimulating change in this area. Such developments are changing mindsets as regards the way we finance Open Research. It is time to rethink how we fund the Open services and infrastructure that support Open policy and practice. Merely continuing to talk of the need to sustain service and infrastructure or taking a piecemeal approach will not cut it, we need to see a strategic vision and approach to help ensure the scholarly communications services and infrastructure are here for years to come.
Sponsor Talk: Open Data/FAIR Data – Where do we stand: the Scholix example
There is a divide between “Policy on Science” and “what researchers do & think when they do science”. While everybody nowadays pretty much believes that FAIR data and Open Science is good for all stakeholders, there is still a divide between what researchers do and what policymakers want them to do on a day-to-day basis. In this short talk, I will present a success story from multiple perspectives on how researchers are better rewarded by sharing their data, how policymakers can track better how open data leads to better research, and how publishers, repositories, and platforms were able to work together to make this work in practice. In short, I would like to present the Scholix.org initiative to link articles with data, and how this has helped to bridge the divide between research and policy.
Research Libraries Powering Sustainable Knowledge in the Digital Age: LIBER strategy 2018-2022 in action
LIBER new strategy 2018-2022 aims to support research libraries in powering sustainable knowledge in the Digital Age. LIBER is currently progressing in the implementation of this strategy. The presentation will show on which kind of questions LIBER Working Groups and Steering Committees are working, what results are already or will soon be available, which new questions arise from this work. Last but not least, the presentation will show what can and should be done by every research library to advance Open Science in Europe.
Sponsor Talk: The State of Open Data 2018
Figshare’s annual report, The State of Open Data 2018, looks at global attitudes towards open data. It includes survey results of researchers and a collection of articles from industry experts, as well as a foreword from Ross Wilkinson, Director, Global Strategy at Australian Research Data Commons. The report is the third in the series and the survey results continue to show encouraging progress that open data is becoming more embedded in the research community. The key finding is that open data has become more embedded in the research community – 64% of survey respondents reveal they made their data openly available in 2018. However, a surprising number of respondents (60%) had never heard of the FAIR principles, a guideline to enhance the reusability of academic data.
Lunch Break and Poster Exhibition
Fostering and supporting a cultural shift among researchers towards open science: Experiences from TU Delft
Open science and reproducibility of research results are high goals that the scientific community needs to uphold. However, the already overwhelmed researcher cannot be expected to take on this massive assignment alone. Recognising this need, TU Delft started the data stewardship initiative in 2017. Disciplinary specific data stewards were embedded in every faculty of the university to provide relevant and high-quality support for researchers. In this way the data stewards could cater to the specific needs at the faculty level whereas the TU Delft library coordinated the project centrally. In this talk, I would like to present our experiences at TU Delft, how we brought together the library (central support), and the disciplinary data stewards to foster a cultural shift to open science among researchers. I will highlight our workflows, training programs for support staff and researchers as well as our coordination framework to include legal, ICT and IP experts to provide a one-stop-shop for all open science and data management related questions. In addition to showcasing our current efforts at TU Delft, I would like to present our views and invite discussions on related issues which are very relevant for researchers in a technical university such as software sustainability, industry collaboration and research integrity.
Research Data Sharing without Barries: The role of the Research Data Alliance (RDA) and RDA-Austria
Research Data Alliance (RDA) has been set up with the mission to overcome barriers to research data sharing. In this talk, we will present the mission and structure of RDA and the role served by the emerging regional nodes such as RDA Austria. We will further review concrete examples of how recommendations emerge from Research Data Alliance and how they are implemented by stakeholders, such as the recommendations of the WG on Dynamic Data Citation and WG on Data Management Plan Common Standards.
Research data is worth sharing
Data sharing presents a multitude of opportunities for research, making it more transparent and reproducible, and ensuring credit is given to the researcher behind the data. But many scholars are worried about sharing their data, with concerns around confidentiality, or that their data will be “scooped”. In this session, we’ll be exploring the opportunities and challenges of data sharing, our policies at Taylor & Francis, and other new open scholarship initiatives.
Coffee Break and Poster Exhibition
Open Science in research funding policies in Austria and the supporting role of the TU Wien Centre for Research Data Management
After open data obligations by international funding agencies, Austrian funding bodies are now following suit, with the biggest funder of basic research starting to demand Data Management Plans and open data underlying publications from 2019. In practice, the demands of researchers, funders and cooperation partners are as diverse as the various research areas. Infrastructures for secure, protected access to data are just as important as staged access and solutions for making data available to the public. Research institutions must be increasingly equipped to provide orientation. The TU Wien has established a Center for Research Data Management to support researchers with handling their data along a project lifecycle and beyond. Questions regarding the long-term use of data are taken into consideration from the very beginning. A multidisciplinary team provides information on existing infrastructures and services for storing, archiving and publishing data, on organisational and legal framework conditions as well as on funders’ guidelines. The TU Wien will also develop automated research data management workflows in order to improve the quality and efficiency of research processes.
Lightning Talks and Discussion:
Researcher needs, benefits and challenges in Open Science implementations:– Tadej Brezina, TU Wien Abstract: Retrieval of human mobility data is undergoing a dramatic shift, from purely centralized generation to an increasing role of citizen data with seemingly unlimited precision. But what about representation? Mobility data: A balancing act of representation– Associate Prof. Dr. Schnürch, TU Wien Abstract: Making scientific results freely available is surely a noble aim. However, it has to be guaranteed that actions in this direction always take into consideration the needs of researchers as well. The most affected group of people, i.e., the researchers, should be deeply involved in developing open access strategies. Due to the heterogeneity of publishing models in various research fields, a one for all solution is unlikely to be broadly accepted by the scientific community. Open Access and the Plan S: Noble idea, overhasty implementation?– Prof. Dr. Ulrich Frank, University of Duisburg-Essen Abstract: It is high time to stop the insane practise of scientific publishing. Scientific publishers benefit from a business model that is based on a “bizarre triple-pay system” (Deutsche Bank report) – at the expense not only of scientists but of society as a whole. To end this unworthy game, it is not sufficient to blame the publishers. Instead, the scientific community needs to take action to emerge from its self-imposed immaturity, which takes nothing but resolve and courage. High Time For Change– Ines Drefs, GO FAIR International Support & Coordination Office: Developing FAIR solutions for training, technology and academic culture Abstract: Among researchers, funders and infrastructures, there is growing commitment to implementing FAIR approaches. But what is the best way to enhance FAIR research data management skills, which technical support services are needed to generate FAIR data and what kind of support can foster a FAIR data sharing culture?